Continuing its drive for digital transformation in the construction sector, the Construction Innovation Hub has unveiled D-COM in partnership with Cardiff University’s Digital Compliance Network, a demonstrator project which uses technology to untangle complex compliance checking processes.
Developed in the wake of the Hackitt Report and Building Safety Act, D-COM opens the door for innovative approaches to digitalise compliance checking, enable automation, reduce errors, make cost and time savings, and ultimately improve building safety.
In 2017 Dame Judith Hackitt described current regulations and guidance as ‘too complex and unclear’ which can lead to ‘confusion and misinterpretation.’ The Hub has also found compliance checking processes in the construction industry are labour intensive, costly, error-prone and time-consuming thanks to the complexity of the regulatory environment and the fragmented nature of traditional building processes.
The project is part of the Hub’s drive for digital transformation in the construction industry, strengthening the case for change and developing guidance and tools to encourage organisations to benefit from data-driven decision-making and secure, resilient data sharing.
The basis of D-COM is the digitisation of Approved Documents, so they are machine-readable and easier to compare against building and product information. Supported by a digital ecosystem that will integrate the tools and data sources that firms must use as part of the compliance process, this will make information more accessible and drive greater and more consistent levels of compliance.
The project will provide tools and APIs for the automated determination of changes to Approved Documents, identify applicable rules related to any building or product based on the analysis of the approved documents and help relate applicable compliance to data within BIM. Tools will also be included that create audit trails of compliance checks which will help in fulfilling requirements for Golden Threads for buildings.
The Hub’s digital construction lead, Dr. Ahmed Alnagger commented:
Creating that confident relationship between our buildings, linear infrastructure and trust of those who use them is essential. This connection needs a clear line-of-sight between our built assets and compliance with regulatory frameworks.
To support these drivers for change, the Hub has partnered up with Cardiff University and its D-COM Network, including partners AEC3 UK, Solibri UK and PIF, to develop a “digital compliance ecosystem” to support construction firms in piloting the complex regulatory landscape with better ease and certainty supported by the digitisation of the regulatory compliance process.”
Dr Thomas Beach, reader at Cardiff University and D-COM Network leader explained:
The successful development and demonstration of our prototype demonstrates the power of machine-readable construction guidance. This includes the ability to visualise and interrogate changes between document versions, as well as searching and drawing together all clauses focused on key concepts across the different documents that make up the UK construction regulatory landscape.
This project has shown that semi-automated checking of building designs is feasible now and that its feasibility will grow as Information Management adoption increases. Furthermore, it has shown that there is a large number of high-quality tools that assist in the compliance checking process already available – what is needed is the ability to integrate these tools. This is a task that the prototype developed in the project is able to do well, integrating the text of the approved documents, high-level decision making and technical compliance checking tools, to provide a complete compliance checking solution.”
The D-COM project sits alongside other projects the Hub is completing around quality assurance processes and building product information. This includes LEXiCON, which will drive the creation of standardised construction product templates. This supports the goals of D-COM by making product information easier to compare against approved documents.
Digitisation of compliance processes will bring wider tangible benefits, including:
- Greater certainty that all regulatory requirements are being met.
- Reduction in time and resources spent in investigating the root causes of failure.
- Increased transparency through the central collection, and management of compliance data for the UK construction industry.
- Improved auditability provided through digitised compliance processes.
As a part of the proof of concept, the D-COM team has focused on digitising Approved Documents L2A (Energy Management), Approved Document M (Accessibility), and Building Bulletin 100 (BB100) that is concerned with fire safety for School buildings.
About the Construction Innovation Hub
Funded by Government in 2018 with £72m from UK Research and Innovation’s (UKRI) Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, the Construction Innovation Hub brings together expertise from BRE, the Centre for Digital Built Britain (CDBB), the University of Cambridge and the Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC).
The Hub has partnered with over 200 organisations to build client and supply chain capability, to ensure our work delivers value to the sector and the nation long beyond the life of the programme. We have openly shared programme outputs and the lessons learnt along the way, so that businesses of all sizes stand ready to deliver the UK’s future construction and innovation needs.
From platform-based approaches to new digital tools and processes that will deliver a better quality, safer and lower carbon industry, the Hub is at the forefront of the sector’s future.
About the Digital Compliance Network (D-COM)
Cardiff University’s D-COM Network was formed to drive forward the adoption of the digitisation of regulations, requirements and compliance checking systems in the built environment. It was provided initial funding by the Centre for Digital Built Britain. Since then, it has evolved and published two free to access reports on the state of digitised regulatory compliance in the UK.
D-COM Network Project partners contributing to the project:
Process Innovation Factory (PIF) is innovation management not for profit company, where challenges are matched with innovative solutions. It scouts for ideas and innovations and graduates these within the AECO (architectural, engineering, construction & operations) industry sector groups. PIF specialises in innovation management, discovery projects, developing business from innovations, the industrialisation of products and processes, and scaling to market. It provides business support and diligence for innovation.
AEC3 is an international consultancy focussed on process and information improvement for built assets, advising governments, and major contractors and design/engineering companies and software houses. It strongly supports open standards and buildingSMART, ISO, CEN and BSI. AEC3 will be represented by Nicholas Nisbet. Nick has been involved in BIM for 42 years, including the development of ISO 12911, BS1192, BS 1192 part 4 and PAS1192 part 6. Key roles in many high-profile, successful projects, to name a few- ICC SmartCodes project (2007) and the US Army ERDC Facility Compliance Checking project (2008).
Solibri develops and markets software solutions that improve the quality of building information models (BIM) and included datasets for building owners, designers and constructors. Focuses on automating model checks using logical user and configurable rules as well as analysing and validating the integrity & quality of the design and constructability, with a particular focus on checking compliance with building codes, industry, company or project-specific standards or any user-defined requirements using open standards.